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Information on Chemical Burden and Injury in Children
|Children's Health Issues - Body Burden and Chemical Injury|
THE CHEMICAL SOUP WE LIVE IN
POP’s characteristics include that they are:
Persistent (do not readily break down)
Accumulate in the bodies of animals (high affinity for fatty tissue)
Able to leach out of consumer products during normal use
Found to be contaminants in the human body
POPs and PERSISTENT TOXIC SUBSTANCES INFORMATION
National Toxics Network is the Australian focal point for the International POPs Elimination Network (IPEN), a global network of public interest non-governmental organisations united in support of a common POPs Elimination Platform and the implementation of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). http://www.oztoxics.org/ntn/comm_info.html
IPEN Community Monitoring Handbook. Information on Body Burden of chemicals - POPs and PTSs.http://www.oztoxics.org/cmwg/index.html
Working Together to Clear The Air: How the chemical cocktail inside our homes is poisoning our children. Jo Immig. Total Environment Centre.www.tec.org.au See Project Area - Toxic Chemicals.The review paper provides information on:Community Action on Chemical Pollution including the Position on chemical regulation in Australia
Chemical Pollution inside the home. What these are, how they got inside our homes and bodies, and the issue of safety of products sold in the supermarket
International Recognition of Children’s Vulnerability to Chemical Pollution.
How Indoor Air Pollution Happens. Provides a table listing common materials and products used in the home that contain potentially harmful chemicals and safer alternatives to these.
Way Forward on Indoor Air PollutionHow Australia is comparing to International initiatives to reduce chemical pollution.
Existence of Chemical burden and Injury in Children:
Information and links
Existence of Chemical burden and Injury in Children
The health impacts on children from exposure to hazardous chemicals in the environment is increasing and include.
Dysfunctional immune system
Children are at greater risk from exposure to carcinogens than adults
The US government in 2003 released the final draft of their revised US Guidelines for cancer risk assessment. In this report they assume that children are more vulnerable to the effects of certain carcinogens than adults
The US EPAs final draft of their new guidelines for cancer risk assessment recognises individual susceptibility and that there is variation between people.
Children aged two and younger have ten times the cancer risk of adults when exposed to mutagenic carcinogens which cause cancer through direct damage to DNA.
Children between the ages of two and fifteen are considered to have three times the risk of adults.
Mutagenic carcinogens include arsenic, benzene, formaldehyde, mutagen X, brominated organics and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Child exposures are under rated as some carcinogens have been shown to be around 65 times more potent when exposure occurs during childhood. The EPA data shows that half of lifetime cancer risk accumulates in the first two years of life. The guidelines are available online at www.epa.gov/ncea/raf/cancer2003.htm
Find out more about the links between environmental toxins and child health
Chemical Legacy: Contamination of the Child. Catherine N. Dorey PhD. Greenpeace 2005.Greenpeace Report on Contamination of Children
Children’s Health and Environment Programme:http://www.euro.who.int/childhealthenv
Children’s Health & Environment. A review of evidence. WHO & European Environment Agency 2002. Information on exposure pathways, asthma, allergy, respiratory health, neurodevelopmental disorders, cancers, birth defects, pesticides, assessment process failures, environmental justice WHO CHE Monitoring
WHO Children's Health Publication The Budapest Collection: a WHO global e-library of children’s health and the environment (2004)
http://www.epa.gov/teach Toxicity and Exposure Assessment for Children’s Health (TEACH). US EPA . List of chemicals of concern and impact on child health
Environmental Working Group: Body Burden http://www.bodyburden.org
www.noharm.org. Health Care Without Harm. See Hazardous Chemicals in Household Dust. Outlines chemicals that leach from Common Products in the home such as electronics, shower curtains, & vinyl flooring.This sites Issues: Mercury, PVC & DEHP, Medical Waste, Healthy Buildings, Healthy Hospitals, Food, Green Purchasing, Electronics, Pesticides & cleaners.
Environmental Health Perspectives:http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/children Children’s
Chemical Legacy: Contamination of the Child. Catherine N. Dorey PhD. Greenpeace 2005.Reviews the evidence of contamination of humans with commonly used toxic chemicals, especially in relation to children. Examines the evidence on seven key chemicals: alkylphenols, bisphenol A, brominated flame retardants, organotins, phthalates, chlorinated paraffins and artificial musks. These substances have been demonstrated to be present in consumer products and in the bodies of children and adults. Greenpeace Chemical Contamination Report
http://www.protectingourhealth.org Infertility, Learning/behaviour disorders, cancer, breast cancer, endometriosis
CANCERS [US EPA CARCINOGEN RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS – DOCS AVAILABLE ON WEB]
Eliminate Toxic Chemicals:
Evidence of Developmental Harm: Neurotoxic effects of chemicals.
A 2005 review by Lanphear, Vorhees and Bellinger, ‘Protecting Children from Environmental Toxins. Toxicity testing of pesticides and industrial chemicals is a crucial step’found that:
Last Updated (Tuesday, 17 November 2009 04:11)